2013/1(11)

Contents

Cultural Theory

Astafieva O.
Flier A.

Kozjakova M.

Cultural History

Khachatouryan V.

Applied Cultural Research

Еfimova T.

Nikolaeva E.

Humanities

Roife A.

Shtreker N.

Smirnova-Seslavinskaya M.

Small Encyclopaedia of Culturology

Shestakov V.

Expertise

Zamai V.

Reviews

Astafieva O.

Pryanishnikov N.

Kirpichoff Yu.

Current Events

Kuptsova I.

Ionesov V.
Kurulenko E.

 
UDC 316.7(049.32)
Pryanishnikov N.
Development of Russian Territories:
Problems and Solutions
A Book Review
Abstract. An interdisciplinary monograph ‘Sociocultural Analysis and Regional Development in Russia: Problems and Solutions’ edited by Olga Sevan was published in 2012 and presented results of research undertaken in various fields including architectural and cultural studies, philosophy, sociology, history, and arts history.
  
The authors have made the challenges and prospects of regional development a focus of attention using diverse methodologies, research approaches, and professional languages. They address historical foundations of social development, urban life, and rural settlements including a role of religious organisations, reveal contemporary problems of regional administration and local self-government, examine current issues of urban planning and legal aspects of urban heritage preservation and new constructions in historic settlements etc. The book also discusses contemporary situation in cultural institutions and historical monument all over the country.
  
The question about and modern approaches towards the development of Russian society, towns and rural settlements is raised on various levels of the research. Detection of actual problems in management and of territories and settlements, role of religious organizations are introduced together with urban planning issues and legislative aspects of preservation and engineering in historical towns and villages.
  
Issues of the monographic research touch upon the state of cultural institutions and monuments, located in different regions of the country. But first of all the authors of the presented texts draw attention to the deplorable state and decay of the settlements, their manufacturing and agricultural enterprises, outflow of population, particularly of the youth, out of the villages, desolation of the territories, poverty etc. The main focus of the experts in the field of culture is therefore the issues of revival of villages and small towns, as centers of rural districts, cultural institutions as points of increase of the territories. Underestimation specifics of popular way of life in this type of settlements and their neglect in the domain of managerial decisions up to now are leading to their erosion with no follow-up replacement by new cultural elements.

The world experience indicates the impossibility to be focused only on the solution of the economic issues and technological change in the process of modernization. That process also has to do with the sociocultural change in regions, including activities of the population, the preservation and development of the territories and significant elements of the heritage gaining urgency in the post-perestroika period. Raising and investing money into gas, oil and other sectors of the national economy are essential, but the cultural heritage definitely is no less important a national structural resource of the progress of Russia. Unique monuments, historical towns and rural settlements are symbols of our country becoming items of tourist industry, which are highly instrumental in the progress towards the well-being in all advanced countries of the world.
 
Key words: regional studies, sociocultural development of a regions; rural settlements, small towns, historical city centre; architectural heritage, urban heritage preservation, cultural institutions, local self-government, religious organisations

Pryanishnikov Nikolai Evgenievich,
Head of the Department for Performance Buildings,
Experimental Research and Planning Institute;
Lecturer at the Moscow Higher School
of Social and Economic Sciences (Moscow)
 

 

Founder
  Russian Scientific
  Research Institute
  for Cultural and
  Natural Heritage
  named after
  D.Likhachev

Publisher
  Russian Scientific
  Research Institute
  for Cultural and
  Natural Heritage
  named after 
  D.Likhachev

Certificate
of the mass
information media
registration:
Эл. № ФС77-59205,
date: 03.09.2014

Frequency 

  4 issues per year

Published
online only


  
© Российский институт
    культурологии, 2010-2014.
© Российский научно-
    исследовательский
    институт культурного
    и природного наследия
    имени Д.С.Лихачева,
    2014-2022.

 


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     The authors’ opinions expressed therein are not necessarily those of the Editor.

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